In response to outdated curricula, skills mismatches, and other HRH production challenges, health professional education must lead the way forward to produce competent, responsive, interprofessional, and connected healthcare teams to achieve high-quality, patient-centred health care for all. In many low- and middle-income countries, health education is run by the Ministry of Education, while health services are governed and provided by the Ministry of Health. There is often a surprising lack of communication between the two ministries. This often leads to over-or under-production of cadres. Fostering close and responsive relationships between the education system and the health system is a critical first step, which usually requires buy-in at the highest level of government (WHO, 2016b, 2018b).